Zikmund Klein, 19291944 (aged 14 years)

Bilke Birth Record For Zikmund Klein
Name
Zikmund /Klein/
Given names
Zikmund
Surname
Klein
Birth
Background
Heinrich Bruning becomes Chancellor of Germany. In response to the worldwide depression, he institutes a policy of austerity by tightening credit and reducing wages.
March 30, 1930 (Nissan 1, 5690) (aged 3 months)
Background
In the United States, the stock market loses 90% of its value in less than three years.
from April 1930 (Nissan 5690) to July 1932 (Tamuz 5692) (aged 2 years)
Background
Heinrich Bruning, Chancellor Of German, announces his Cabinet's resignation. Hitler becomes chancellor eight months later.
May 30, 1932 (Iyar 24, 5692) (aged 2 years)
Background
The United States stock market reaches its lowest point during the Great Depression. It was down 90% from its high.
July 8, 1932 (Tamuz 4, 5692) (aged 2 years)
Background
Hitler Becomes German Chancellor
January 30, 1933 (Shevat 3, 5693) (aged 3 years)
32nd President of the United States
Franklin D Roosevelt
March 4, 1933 (Adar 6, 5693) (aged 3 years)
Background
In the United States, the 18th Amendment is repealed and alcohol becomes legal again.
December 5, 1933 (Kislev 17, 5694) (aged 3 years)
Background
Reichstag Fire gives Hitler the opportunity to suspend civil liberties and the establishment of the Nazi Party as the only political party in Germany.
1933 (5693) (aged 3 years)
Background
German Parliament Passes Nuremberg Race Laws. Only racially pure Germans would be allowed to hold German citizenship. It banned future intermarriages and sexual relations between Jews and people “of German or related blood.”
September 15, 1935 (Elul 17, 5695) (aged 5 years)
Birth of a brother
Background
1936 Summer Olympics begins in Berlin, Germany. German Jewish athletes were barred.
August 1, 1936 (Av 13, 5696) (aged 6 years)
Background
Hitler holds a secret meeting in which he outlines Germany's plan to expand its territories by force. The meeting is summarized in the Hossbach Memorandum.
November 5, 1937 (Kislev 1, 5698) (aged 7 years)
Background
Germany annexes Austria.
March 12, 1938 (Adar II 9, 5698) (aged 8 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary restricts the number of Jews in each commercial enterprise, in the press, among physicians, engineers and lawyers to twenty percent.
May 29, 1938 (Iyar 28, 5698) (aged 8 years)
Background
Munich Agreement reached by Germany, Great Britain, France, and Italy that permitted German annexation of the Sudetenland, in western Czechoslovakia.
September 30, 1938 (Tishrei 5, 5699) (aged 8 years)
Background
Germany arrests 17,000 Polish Jewish Residents and deports thousands to Poland. https://w.wiki/5R8z
from October 27, 1938 (Heshvan 2, 5699) to October 29, 1938 (Heshvan 4, 5699) (aged 8 years)
Background
First Vienna Award separated from Czechoslovakia territories in southern Slovakia and southern Carpathian Rus and gave them to Hungary.
November 2, 1938 (Heshvan 8, 5699) (aged 8 years)
Pogrom
Kristallnacht
from November 9, 1938 (Heshvan 15, 5699) to November 10, 1938 (Heshvan 16, 5699) (aged 8 years)
Note: Kristallnacht (Crystal Night) comes from the broken windows of Jewish-owned stores, buildings and synagogues that were smashed. 7,500 Jewish owned businesses are looted. 30,000 Jewish males were rounded up and taken to concentration camps.
Invasion
Germany Occupies Czechoslovakia
March 15, 1939 (Adar 24, 5699) (aged 9 years)
Background
Carpathian Ruthenia Region, of which Bilky is a part of, declares its indepedence from Czechoslovakia.
March 15, 1939 (Adar 24, 5699) (aged 9 years)
Background
Carpathian Ruthenia Region, of which Bilky is a part of, is occupied and annexed by Hungary.
from March 15, 1939 (Adar 24, 5699) to March 18, 1939 (Adar 27, 5699) (aged 9 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary defines Jews racially: individuals with two, three or four Jewish-born grandparents were declared Jewish. It reduced the role of Jews in Hungarian economic life even more, setting the limit to 6%.
May 5, 1939 (Iyar 16, 5699) (aged 9 years)
Background
A non-aggression pact is signed between Soviet Union and Germany. It enabled the two countries to partition Poland. It is known as the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact.
August 23, 1939 (Elul 8, 5699) (aged 9 years)
Invasion
Beginning of WWII. Germany Invades Poland
September 1, 1939 (Elul 17, 5699) (aged 9 years)
Declaration Of War
Great Britain and France Declare War Against Germany
September 3, 1939 (Elul 19, 5699) (aged 9 years)
Background
Soviet Union invades Poland.
September 17, 1939 (Tishrei 4, 5700) (aged 9 years)
Background
Soviet Union and Germany divide Poland by German–Soviet Boundary and Friendship Treaty.
September 28, 1939 (Tishrei 15, 5700) (aged 9 years)
Deportation
Germany begins deportation of Austrian and Czech Jews to Poland
October 12, 1939 (Tishrei 29, 5700) (aged 9 years)
Background
In Poland, all Jews above the age of 11 must wear white armbands with the Jewish Star.
November 23, 1939 (Kislev 11, 5700) (aged 9 years)
Krakow Ghetto
In Krakow, Judenräte (Jewish Councils) were created which were to be run by Jewish citizens for the purpose of carrying out orders for the Nazis. These orders included registration of all Jewish people living in the area, the collection of taxes, and forced labour groups.
November 28, 1939 (Kislev 16, 5700) (aged 9 years)
Invasion
Germany Occupies Denmark and southern Norway
April 9, 1940 (Nissan 1, 5700) (aged 10 years)
Invasion
Germany Invades Belgium, the Netherlands, and France.
May 10, 1940 (Iyar 2, 5700) (aged 10 years)
Background
Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister of Britain.
May 10, 1940 (Iyar 2, 5700) (aged 10 years)
Concentration Camp
Auschwitz Established
May 20, 1940 (Iyar 12, 5700) (aged 10 years)
Background
Dunkirk Evacuation.
from May 26, 1940 (Iyar 18, 5700) to June 4, 1940 (Iyar 27, 5700) (aged 10 years)
Surrender
France Surrenders To Germany
June 22, 1940 (Sivan 16, 5700) (aged 10 years)
Ghetto
Warsaw Ghetto Sealed
November 16, 1940 (Heshvan 15, 5701) (aged 10 years)
Ghetto
Krakow Ghetto Formally Established
March 3, 1941 (Adar 4, 5701) (aged 11 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary prohibits intermarriage and penalizes sexual intercourse between Jews and non-Jews. Became a keystone in the process of excluding and eliminating Jews from Hungarian society.
August 8, 1941 (Av 15, 5701) (aged 11 years)
Background
Jewish Germans and Jews with citizenship of annexed states (Austrians, Czechs, Danzigers) from the age of six years are ordered to wear a yellow badge in the shape of a Jewish Star with Jude in the center.
September 1, 1941 (Elul 9, 5701) (aged 11 years)
Attack
Japan Bombs Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941 (Kislev 17, 5702) (aged 11 years)
Background
At the Wannsee Conference, Nazis finalized their Final Solution plans to murder all the Jews after their deportation. Adolf Eichmann, who was eventually tried and executed in Israel for murdering Jews via the systematic deportation of millions of Jews to the extermination camps, was at the meeting.
January 20, 1942 (Shevat 2, 5702) (aged 12 years)
Background
First convoy of Jews from France are sent to Auschwitz.
March 27, 1942 (Nissan 9, 5702) (aged 12 years)
Background
Jewish Dutch people ordered to wear the Jewish yellow badge.
April 29, 1942 (Iyar 12, 5702) (aged 12 years)
Background
Jewish Belgians people ordered to wear the Jewish yellow badge.
June 3, 1942 (Sivan 18, 5702) (aged 12 years)
Background
Jews in Occuppied France ordered to wear the Jewish yellow badge.
June 7, 1942 (Sivan 22, 5702) (aged 12 years)
Deportation
Germany begins the deportation of Dutch Jews from camps in the Netherlands
July 15, 1942 (Av 1, 5702) (aged 12 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary abolishes the status of Judaism as a received religion.
July 19, 1942 (Av 5, 5702) (aged 12 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary prohibits Jews from acquiring agricultural property, and calls for the transfer of Jewish-owned property to non-Jews.
September 6, 1942 (Elul 24, 5702) (aged 12 years)
Background
French communist newspaper publishes a cover story about the extermination of 11,000 French Jews at Auschwitz.
October 10, 1942 (Tishrei 29, 5703) (aged 12 years)
Reports On The Holocaust
Small story on page 10 of the New York Times reported on the slaughter of Jews at Auschwitz.
November 25, 1942 (Kislev 16, 5703) (aged 12 years)
Ghetto
Krakow Ghetto Liquidated. Those deemed able to work were transported to the Płaszów concentration camp. Some 2,000 Jews unable to move or attempting to run were killed in the streets and in their homes. Operation Reinhard
March 13, 1943 (Adar II 6, 5703) (aged 13 years)
Background
Belgium Resistance attacks a train bound for Auschwitz and free 233 prisoners. It is the only mass escape from a Holocaust train.
April 19, 1943 (Nissan 14, 5703) (aged 13 years)
Death of a father
1944 (5704) (0 after death)
Cause: Murdered by the Nazis.
Death of a mother
1944 (5704) (0 after death)
Cause: Murdered by the Nazis.
Invasion
Germany Occupies Hungary
March 19, 1944 (Adar 24, 5704) (0 after death)
Background
Two inmates, Slovak Jews Alfred Wetzler and Rudolf Vrba, escape from Auschwitz. They contact the Jewish council in Slovakia and give details about the murder of Jews at Auschwitz. A report is soon released to warn Hungary’s Jews of the Nazi plans to wipe out their community. The report initally does nothing to stop the mass deportation of Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz. Finally, in July 1944, after the report is published in the Swiss Press, Hungary is forced to stopped the deportation. The persecution of Hungarian Jews is continued in October 1944.
April 10, 1944 (Nissan 17, 5704) (0 after death)
Death of a sister
Cause: Murdered by the Nazis.
Note: This day was chosen as the date of death as the Jews of Bilky were deported to Auschwitz during this time.
Death of a brother
May 1944 (Iyar 5704) (0 after death)
Cause: Murdered by the Nazis.
Note: May Hashem Avenge Your Death. השם יקום דמו
Death of a paternal grandmother
Address: Oświęcim, Poland
Cause: Murdered By Nazis and Hungarian collaborators.
Note: My father, Meynhert Klein, during the few times that he spoke to me about his life during the Holocaust, would describe the last time he saw his mom and sister Bella leaving on a train. I don't know when or where this occurred. And looking back now, I failed to ask the many questions that fill my head now. I'd like to believe that my inaction was because my father would be teary during these moments, and I didn't want to cause him any more pain. I hope it wasn't because I was too young and self-absorbed. But I can't say.

My father, Meynhert Klein, during the few times that he spoke to me about his life during the Holocaust, would describe the last time he saw his mom and sister Bella leaving on a train. I don't know when or where this occurred. And looking back now, I failed to ask the many questions that fill my head now. I'd like to believe that my inaction was because my father would be teary during these moments, and I didn't want to cause him any more pain. I hope it wasn't because I was too young and self-absorbed. But I can't say.

I chose this date for my Grandmother and Aunt Bella because between May 14, 1944 and July 9, 1944, 437,000 Hungarian Jews were sent to Auschwitz on trains. Most were murdered on arrival.

David

Note: Auschwitz Survivor Eva Klein, a daughter of Sura Feiga Veisz, wrote in her autobiography, "And where is my beautiful sister Izabella, who never got married because she did not want to leave mother. A friend told me when they arrived in Auschwitz, an SS wanted to part them but Izabella leaned on mother's shoulder and begged to let her go with mother."
Background
Nazis Photograph Hungarian Jews Arriving At Auschwitz. Many Jews Were From The Sub-Carpathia Region. Theses photos became know as The Auschwitz Album/Lilly Jacob Album. Lilly Jacob, the woman who found the photos, was from Bilky, Ukraine.
May 26, 1944 (Sivan 4, 5704) (0 after death)
Attack
D-Day, Allies Invade Normandy
June 6, 1944 (Sivan 15, 5704) (0 after death)
Deportation
435,000 Hungarian Jews Are Deported To Auschwitz
from May 15, 1944 (Iyar 22, 5704) to July 9, 1944 (Tamuz 18, 5704) (0 after death)
Death
estimated 1944 (5704) (aged 14 years)
Cause of death: Murdered By The Nazis.
Remembrance
92nd Birthday
December 14, 2021 (Tevet 10, 5782) (77 years after death)
Note: Today, I celebrate the birthday of my first cousin Zikmund. עליו השלום - May Peace Be With Him
Family with parents
father
Lipot Klein Family 2
18991944
Birth: May 2, 1899 28 22 Bilke, Hungary
Death: 1944
mother
Marriage Record Of Leopold Klein And Jana Josovic
19001944
Birth: March 10, 1900 Bilke, Hungary
Death: 1944
Marriage MarriageDecember 9, 1929Bilke, Hungary
-17 months
elder sister
Bella, Eva, Tomas, Menhard, Eva, And Abraham Standing Around Mother
19281944
Birth: June 19, 1928 29 28 Bilke, Hungary
Death: May 15, 1944
18 months
himself
Bilke Birth Record For Zikmund Klein
19291944
Birth: December 14, 1929 30 29
Death: estimated 1944
6 years
younger brother
Bella, Eva, Tomas, Menhard, Eva, And Abraham Standing Around Mother
19361944
Birth: February 20, 1936 36 35 Bilke, Hungary
Death: May 1944
Remembrance

Today, I celebrate the birthday of my first cousin Zikmund. עליו השלום - May Peace Be With Him