Adolf Kohn, 18831944 (aged 61 years)

Name
Adolf /Kohn/
Given names
Adolf
Surname
Kohn
Birth
Note: From marriage certificate.
22nd President of the United States
Grover Cleveland
March 4, 1885 (Adar 17, 5645) (aged 1 year)
23rd President of the United States
Benjamin Harrison
March 4, 1889 (Adar II 1, 5649) (aged 5 years)
24th President of the United States
Grover Cleveland
March 4, 1893 (Adar 16, 5653) (aged 9 years)
25th President of the United States
William McKinley
March 4, 1897 (Adar I 30, 5657) (aged 13 years)
26th President of the United States
Theodore Roosevelt
September 14, 1901 (Tishrei 1, 5662) (aged 18 years)
Marriage
Religion: Jewish
Birth of a son
27th President of the United States
William Howard Taft
March 4, 1909 (Adar 11, 5669) (aged 25 years)
Birth of a daughter
Note: This is a little confusing. According to a database, Georgette was born in May 1909. That appears to be the same as her husband. It could be coincidental or there could be a mistake somewhere. I am choosing May 10, 1909 for the birthday of Georgette and her husband Alex Neufeld. It will be nice to remember them together on the same day.
Background
Japan annexes Korea.
from 1910 (5670) (aged 26 years)
Birth of a son
28th President of the United States
Woodrow Wilson
March 4, 1913 (Adar I 25, 5673) (aged 29 years)
Background
The Great Powers were divided into two opposing alliances, the Triple Entente, consisting of France, Russia, and Britain, and the Triple Alliance, made up of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.
January 1, 1914 (Tevet 3, 5674) (aged 30 years)
Assasination
Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Heir To The Austrian Throne, Is Assasinated In Sarajevo, Bosnia
June 18, 1914 (Sivan 24, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
British Passenger Liner Lusitania Is Sunk By A German Sumbarine. Killing about 1200.
June 18, 1914 (Sivan 24, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
Austria-Hungary Declares War On Serbia. Russia, An Ally Of Serbia, Mobilize Troops. Russia's entrance into WWI was a disaster. By the end of the war, about 2.5 million Russians had been killed.
July 28, 1914 (Av 5, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
Germany Declares War On Russia.
August 1, 1914 (Av 9, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
Germany Declares War On France.
August 3, 1914 (Av 11, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
Britain Declares War On Germany.
August 4, 1914 (Av 12, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
Austria Declares War On Russia.
August 6, 1914 (Av 14, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
Japan Declares War On Germany.
August 23, 1914 (Elul 1, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
Austria Declares War On Japan.
August 25, 1914 (Elul 3, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
Russian Czar Nicholas is forced to abdicate the throne.
March 15, 1917 (Adar 21, 5677) (aged 33 years)
Background
United States Declares War On Germany
April 6, 1917 (Nissan 14, 5677) (aged 33 years)
Background
In Russia, leftist revolutionaries led by Bolshevik Party leader Vladimir Lenin launch a nearly bloodless coup d’état against the provisional government. Beginning of the Russian Civil War.
November 7, 1917 (Heshvan 22, 5678) (aged 34 years)
Background
United States Declares War On Austria-Hungary.
December 7, 1917 (Kislev 22, 5678) (aged 34 years)
Background
United States Signs Armistice With Germany
November 11, 1918 (Kislev 7, 5679) (aged 35 years)
Background
In the United States, the 18th Amendment Prohibition of alcohol becomes effective.
January 17, 1920 (Tevet 26, 5680) (aged 36 years)
Background
In Czechoslovakia, women are given the right to vote when the Constitution is enacted.
February 29, 1920 (Adar 10, 5680) (aged 36 years)
Background
Henry Ford publishes an article called THE INTERNATIONAL JEW: THE WORLD'S PROBLEM in the Dearborn Independent. Ford continues to publish anti-semitic articles for seven years. Copies of the newspapers are placed in Ford Auto Delearships. newspaper is sent
May 22, 1920 (Sivan 5, 5680) (aged 37 years)
Background
Treaty Of Trianon ended WWI. Hungary Gives Up Two Thirds Of Its Land. Town Of Bilky Becomes Part of Czechoslovakia.
June 6, 1920 (Sivan 20, 5680) (aged 37 years)
Background
In the United States, the 18th Amendment is certified and women are given the right to vote.
August 26, 1920 (Elul 12, 5680) (aged 37 years)
29th President of the United States
Warren G Harding
March 4, 1921 (Adar I 24, 5681) (aged 37 years)
Background
In the United States, the Emergency Quota Act restricts the number of immigrants.
May 21, 1921 (Iyar 13, 5681) (aged 38 years)
Background
In Soviet Union, Stalin becomes General Secretary of Communist Party.
April 3, 1922 (Nissan 5, 5682) (aged 38 years)
Background
Russian Civil War ends. 7,000,000–12,000,000 total deaths. The overwhelming majority of deaths were civilians. Russia becomes Soviet Union.
June 16, 1923 (Tamuz 2, 5683) (aged 40 years)
30th President of the United States
Calvin Coolidge
August 2, 1923 (Av 20, 5683) (aged 40 years)
Background
Hyperinflation occurs in Germany as a result of debt/reparations owed from World War I.
from 1921 (5681) to 1923 (5683) (aged 39 years)
Background
Mein Kampf, Hitler's autobigraphical manifesto, is published. Hitler compliments Henry Ford by name.
July 18, 1925 (Tamuz 26, 5685) (aged 42 years)
31st President of the United States
Herbert Hoover
March 4, 1929 (Adar I 22, 5689) (aged 45 years)
Background
In the United States, the stock market crashes and loses 23% in two days.
from October 23, 1929 (Tishrei 19, 5690) to October 24, 1929 (Tishrei 20, 5690) (aged 46 years)
Background
Heinrich Bruning becomes Chancellor of Germany. In response to the worldwide depression, he institutes a policy of austerity by tightening credit and reducing wages.
March 30, 1930 (Nissan 1, 5690) (aged 46 years)
Background
In the United States, the stock market loses 90% of its value in less than three years.
from April 1930 (Nissan 5690) to July 1932 (Tamuz 5692) (aged 49 years)
Marriage of a son
1932 (5692) (aged 48 years)
Background
Heinrich Bruning, Chancellor Of German, announces his Cabinet's resignation. Hitler becomes chancellor eight months later.
May 30, 1932 (Iyar 24, 5692) (aged 49 years)
Background
The United States stock market reaches its lowest point during the Great Depression. It was down 90% from its high.
July 8, 1932 (Tamuz 4, 5692) (aged 49 years)
Background
Hitler Becomes German Chancellor
January 30, 1933 (Shevat 3, 5693) (aged 49 years)
32nd President of the United States
Franklin D Roosevelt
March 4, 1933 (Adar 6, 5693) (aged 49 years)
Background
In the United States, the 18th Amendment is repealed and alcohol becomes legal again.
December 5, 1933 (Kislev 17, 5694) (aged 50 years)
Background
Reichstag Fire gives Hitler the opportunity to suspend civil liberties and the establishment of the Nazi Party as the only political party in Germany.
1933 (5693) (aged 49 years)
Birth of a grandson
Note: Per writings of Eva Klein, Tomas' mother, Tomas was named after the first president of Czechoslovakia, Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk.
Background
German Parliament Passes Nuremberg Race Laws. Only racially pure Germans would be allowed to hold German citizenship. It banned future intermarriages and sexual relations between Jews and people “of German or related blood.”
September 15, 1935 (Elul 17, 5695) (aged 52 years)
Background
1936 Summer Olympics begins in Berlin, Germany. German Jewish athletes were barred.
August 1, 1936 (Av 13, 5696) (aged 53 years)
Background
Hitler holds a secret meeting in which he outlines Germany's plan to expand its territories by force. The meeting is summarized in the Hossbach Memorandum.
November 5, 1937 (Kislev 1, 5698) (aged 54 years)
Background
Germany annexes Austria.
March 12, 1938 (Adar II 9, 5698) (aged 54 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary restricts the number of Jews in each commercial enterprise, in the press, among physicians, engineers and lawyers to twenty percent.
May 29, 1938 (Iyar 28, 5698) (aged 55 years)
Background
Munich Agreement reached by Germany, Great Britain, France, and Italy that permitted German annexation of the Sudetenland, in western Czechoslovakia.
September 30, 1938 (Tishrei 5, 5699) (aged 55 years)
Background
Germany arrests 17,000 Polish Jewish Residents and deports thousands to Poland. https://w.wiki/5R8z
from October 27, 1938 (Heshvan 2, 5699) to October 29, 1938 (Heshvan 4, 5699) (aged 55 years)
Background
First Vienna Award separated from Czechoslovakia territories in southern Slovakia and southern Carpathian Rus and gave them to Hungary.
November 2, 1938 (Heshvan 8, 5699) (aged 55 years)
Pogrom
Kristallnacht
from November 9, 1938 (Heshvan 15, 5699) to November 10, 1938 (Heshvan 16, 5699) (aged 55 years)
Note: Kristallnacht (Crystal Night) comes from the broken windows of Jewish-owned stores, buildings and synagogues that were smashed. 7,500 Jewish owned businesses are looted. 30,000 Jewish males were rounded up and taken to concentration camps.
Invasion
Germany Occupies Czechoslovakia
March 15, 1939 (Adar 24, 5699) (aged 55 years)
Background
Carpathian Ruthenia Region, of which Bilky is a part of, declares its indepedence from Czechoslovakia.
March 15, 1939 (Adar 24, 5699) (aged 55 years)
Background
Carpathian Ruthenia Region, of which Bilky is a part of, is occupied and annexed by Hungary.
from March 15, 1939 (Adar 24, 5699) to March 18, 1939 (Adar 27, 5699) (aged 55 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary defines Jews racially: individuals with two, three or four Jewish-born grandparents were declared Jewish. It reduced the role of Jews in Hungarian economic life even more, setting the limit to 6%.
May 5, 1939 (Iyar 16, 5699) (aged 56 years)
Background
A non-aggression pact is signed between Soviet Union and Germany. It enabled the two countries to partition Poland. It is known as the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact.
August 23, 1939 (Elul 8, 5699) (aged 56 years)
Invasion
Beginning of WWII. Germany Invades Poland
September 1, 1939 (Elul 17, 5699) (aged 56 years)
Declaration Of War
Great Britain and France Declare War Against Germany
September 3, 1939 (Elul 19, 5699) (aged 56 years)
Background
Soviet Union invades Poland.
September 17, 1939 (Tishrei 4, 5700) (aged 56 years)
Background
Soviet Union and Germany divide Poland by German–Soviet Boundary and Friendship Treaty.
September 28, 1939 (Tishrei 15, 5700) (aged 56 years)
Deportation
Germany begins deportation of Austrian and Czech Jews to Poland
October 12, 1939 (Tishrei 29, 5700) (aged 56 years)
Background
In Poland, all Jews above the age of 11 must wear white armbands with the Jewish Star.
November 23, 1939 (Kislev 11, 5700) (aged 56 years)
Krakow Ghetto
In Krakow, Judenräte (Jewish Councils) were created which were to be run by Jewish citizens for the purpose of carrying out orders for the Nazis. These orders included registration of all Jewish people living in the area, the collection of taxes, and forced labour groups.
November 28, 1939 (Kislev 16, 5700) (aged 56 years)
Invasion
Germany Occupies Denmark and southern Norway
April 9, 1940 (Nissan 1, 5700) (aged 56 years)
Invasion
Germany Invades Belgium, the Netherlands, and France.
May 10, 1940 (Iyar 2, 5700) (aged 57 years)
Background
Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister of Britain.
May 10, 1940 (Iyar 2, 5700) (aged 57 years)
Concentration Camp
Auschwitz Established
May 20, 1940 (Iyar 12, 5700) (aged 57 years)
Background
Dunkirk Evacuation.
from May 26, 1940 (Iyar 18, 5700) to June 4, 1940 (Iyar 27, 5700) (aged 57 years)
Surrender
France Surrenders To Germany
June 22, 1940 (Sivan 16, 5700) (aged 57 years)
Ghetto
Warsaw Ghetto Sealed
November 16, 1940 (Heshvan 15, 5701) (aged 57 years)
Ghetto
Krakow Ghetto Formally Established
March 3, 1941 (Adar 4, 5701) (aged 57 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary prohibits intermarriage and penalizes sexual intercourse between Jews and non-Jews. Became a keystone in the process of excluding and eliminating Jews from Hungarian society.
August 8, 1941 (Av 15, 5701) (aged 58 years)
Background
Jewish Germans and Jews with citizenship of annexed states (Austrians, Czechs, Danzigers) from the age of six years are ordered to wear a yellow badge in the shape of a Jewish Star with Jude in the center.
September 1, 1941 (Elul 9, 5701) (aged 58 years)
Attack
Japan Bombs Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941 (Kislev 17, 5702) (aged 58 years)
Background
At the Wannsee Conference, Nazis finalized their Final Solution plans to murder all the Jews after their deportation. Adolf Eichmann, who was eventually tried and executed in Israel for murdering Jews via the systematic deportation of millions of Jews to the extermination camps, was at the meeting.
January 20, 1942 (Shevat 2, 5702) (aged 58 years)
Background
First convoy of Jews from France are sent to Auschwitz.
March 27, 1942 (Nissan 9, 5702) (aged 58 years)
Background
Jewish Dutch people ordered to wear the Jewish yellow badge.
April 29, 1942 (Iyar 12, 5702) (aged 59 years)
Background
Jewish Belgians people ordered to wear the Jewish yellow badge.
June 3, 1942 (Sivan 18, 5702) (aged 59 years)
Background
Jews in Occuppied France ordered to wear the Jewish yellow badge.
June 7, 1942 (Sivan 22, 5702) (aged 59 years)
Deportation
Germany begins the deportation of Dutch Jews from camps in the Netherlands
July 15, 1942 (Av 1, 5702) (aged 59 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary abolishes the status of Judaism as a received religion.
July 19, 1942 (Av 5, 5702) (aged 59 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary prohibits Jews from acquiring agricultural property, and calls for the transfer of Jewish-owned property to non-Jews.
September 6, 1942 (Elul 24, 5702) (aged 59 years)
Background
French communist newspaper publishes a cover story about the extermination of 11,000 French Jews at Auschwitz.
October 10, 1942 (Tishrei 29, 5703) (aged 59 years)
Reports On The Holocaust
Small story on page 10 of the New York Times reported on the slaughter of Jews at Auschwitz.
November 25, 1942 (Kislev 16, 5703) (aged 59 years)
Ghetto
Krakow Ghetto Liquidated. Those deemed able to work were transported to the Płaszów concentration camp. Some 2,000 Jews unable to move or attempting to run were killed in the streets and in their homes. Operation Reinhard
March 13, 1943 (Adar II 6, 5703) (aged 59 years)
Background
Belgium Resistance attacks a train bound for Auschwitz and free 233 prisoners. It is the only mass escape from a Holocaust train.
April 19, 1943 (Nissan 14, 5703) (aged 59 years)
Invasion
Germany Occupies Hungary
March 19, 1944 (Adar 24, 5704) (aged 60 years)
Background
Two inmates, Slovak Jews Alfred Wetzler and Rudolf Vrba, escape from Auschwitz. They contact the Jewish council in Slovakia and give details about the murder of Jews at Auschwitz. A report is soon released to warn Hungary’s Jews of the Nazi plans to wipe out their community. The report initally does nothing to stop the mass deportation of Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz. Finally, in July 1944, after the report is published in the Swiss Press, Hungary is forced to stopped the deportation. The persecution of Hungarian Jews is continued in October 1944.
April 10, 1944 (Nissan 17, 5704) (aged 60 years)
Death of a grandson
Cause: Murdered by the Nazis
Note: In the morning the train stopped and we arrived in a godforsaken place called Auschwitz. The air was full of smoke with a very strange smell. We were all in a daze. The SS was urging us to get off quickly. The packages had to be put in one pile. I was holding my dear Thomas by the hand and was looking for his sweater when an SS man came and pushed me. I looked up and saw my in-laws standing already in a line with middle-age people. My mother-in-law was holding my sister-in-law's, Georgette's little two and a half year old Robbie. And there was another very long line with young women. I was standing flabbergasted and did not know where to turn, when another SS man pushed away my dear son and said to me, in German " Where are you running round like a crazy coat." I thought I was standing in one place and the world is turning around me. I do remember running towards my in-laws after my dear little Thomas was pushed away from me and told him, "Hold on tight to Grandfather's hand." And he did. I thought, as we were told, that the older people would take care of the children and we would work and at night we will see them again. I looked after them and they disappeared in the dust and I never saw them again.

In the morning the train stopped and we arrived in a godforsaken place called Auschwitz. The air was full of smoke with a very strange smell. We were all in a daze. The SS was urging us to get off quickly. The packages had to be put in one pile. I was holding my dear Thomas by the hand and was looking for his sweater when an SS man came and pushed me. I looked up and saw my in-laws standing already in a line with middle-age people. My mother-in-law was holding my sister-in-law's, Georgette's little two and a half year old Robbie. And there was another very long line with young women. I was standing flabbergasted and did not know where to turn, when another SS man pushed away my dear son and said to me, in German " Where are you running round like a crazy coat." I thought I was standing in one place and the world is turning around me. I do remember running towards my in-laws after my dear little Thomas was pushed away from me and told him, "Hold on tight to Grandfather's hand." And he did. I thought, as we were told, that the older people would take care of the children and we would work and at night we will see them again. I looked after them and they disappeared in the dust and I never saw them again.

Eva Klein, mother of Tomas Kohn. Page 54.

Death of a grandson
Cause: Murdered By Nazis
Death of a daughter
Cause: Murdered By Nazis
Death of a wife
Cause: Murdered By Nazis And Their Collaborators
Background
Nazis Photograph Hungarian Jews Arriving At Auschwitz. Many Jews Were From The Sub-Carpathia Region. Theses photos became know as The Auschwitz Album/Lilly Jacob Album. Lilly Jacob, the woman who found the photos, was from Bilky, Ukraine.
May 26, 1944 (Sivan 4, 5704) (0 after death)
Death
May 1944 (Iyar 5704) (aged 61 years)
Cause of death: Murdered by the Nazis.
Remembrance
115th Wedding Anniversary
December 12, 2021 (Tevet 8, 5782) (77 years after death)
Note: Today, we celebrate their 115th Wedding Anniversary. עליהם השלו - May Peace Be With Them
Family with parents
father
mother
Marriage Marriage
himself
18831944
Birth: April 22, 1883
Death: May 1944Auschwitz
Family with Berta Rapaport
himself
18831944
Birth: April 22, 1883
Death: May 1944Auschwitz
wife
Marriage MarriageDecember 12, 1906Okormezo, Ukraine
10 months
son
Bella, Eva, Tomas, Menhard, Eva, And Abraham Standing Around Mother
19071984
Birth: September 30, 1907 24 18 Sevljus
Death: February 9, 1984
4 years
son
1911
Birth: October 1911 28 22 Okormezo, Ukraine
Death:
-16 months
daughter
19101944
Birth: May 9, 1910 27 21 Okormezo, Ukraine
Death: May 1944Auschwitz
Birth

From marriage certificate.

Remembrance

Today, we celebrate their 115th Wedding Anniversary. עליהם השלו - May Peace Be With Them