Hanni Brandstädter, 18921944 (aged 51 years)

Hanni Brandstadter Krakow Application 1940
Name
Hanni /Brandstädter/
Type of name
birth name
Given names
Hanni
Surname
Brandstädter
Also known as
Hanni /Weiser/
Birth
Address: Kottozinka is how the place of birth was listed in a database on the U.S. Holocaust Museum. This is probably wrong. The person who wrote this as the place of birth likely relied upon an Application For An Identity Card At the Krakow Ghetto that was completed in 1940. A different interpretation of the place of birth on that application is Kollomyja. As of January 2, 2020 there is a city in Ukraine named Kolomyia. Per wikipedia, this city was called Kolomyja in Polish. In 1900, about half the city's population was Jewish.
Date of entry in original source: August 14, 1940
24th President of the United States
Grover Cleveland
March 4, 1893 (Adar 16, 5653) (aged 7 months)
25th President of the United States
William McKinley
March 4, 1897 (Adar I 30, 5657) (aged 4 years)
26th President of the United States
Theodore Roosevelt
September 14, 1901 (Tishrei 1, 5662) (aged 9 years)
27th President of the United States
William Howard Taft
March 4, 1909 (Adar 11, 5669) (aged 16 years)
Background
Japan annexes Korea.
from 1910 (5670) (aged 17 years)
28th President of the United States
Woodrow Wilson
March 4, 1913 (Adar I 25, 5673) (aged 20 years)
Background
The Great Powers were divided into two opposing alliances, the Triple Entente, consisting of France, Russia, and Britain, and the Triple Alliance, made up of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.
January 1, 1914 (Tevet 3, 5674) (aged 21 years)
Assasination
Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Heir To The Austrian Throne, Is Assasinated In Sarajevo, Bosnia
June 18, 1914 (Sivan 24, 5674) (aged 21 years)
Background
British Passenger Liner Lusitania Is Sunk By A German Sumbarine. Killing about 1200.
June 18, 1914 (Sivan 24, 5674) (aged 21 years)
Background
Austria-Hungary Declares War On Serbia. Russia, An Ally Of Serbia, Mobilize Troops. Russia's entrance into WWI was a disaster. By the end of the war, about 2.5 million Russians had been killed.
July 28, 1914 (Av 5, 5674) (aged 22 years)
Background
Germany Declares War On Russia.
August 1, 1914 (Av 9, 5674) (aged 22 years)
Background
Germany Declares War On France.
August 3, 1914 (Av 11, 5674) (aged 22 years)
Background
Britain Declares War On Germany.
August 4, 1914 (Av 12, 5674) (aged 22 years)
Background
Austria Declares War On Russia.
August 6, 1914 (Av 14, 5674) (aged 22 years)
Background
Japan Declares War On Germany.
August 23, 1914 (Elul 1, 5674) (aged 22 years)
Background
Austria Declares War On Japan.
August 25, 1914 (Elul 3, 5674) (aged 22 years)
Religious marriage
estimated 1915 (5675) (aged 22 years)
Religion: Jewish
Note: As of January 14, 2021, details of the marriage are unknown. It is assumed that they were married because on the Krakow application that was completed by Hanni, she listed the marital states as "gesch."

As of January 14, 2021, details of the marriage are unknown. It is assumed that they were married because on the Krakow application that was completed by Hanni, she listed the marital states as "gesch."
The marital statuses in German include: verheiratet" (married), "geschieden" (divorced) or "verwitwet" (widowed). Also, the only child that I am aware about is my mother, Erika Weiser. She was born in December 1916. So, I estimated the marriage date as 1915.

Birth of a daughter
Background
Russian Czar Nicholas is forced to abdicate the throne.
March 15, 1917 (Adar 21, 5677) (aged 24 years)
Background
United States Declares War On Germany
April 6, 1917 (Nissan 14, 5677) (aged 24 years)
Background
In Russia, leftist revolutionaries led by Bolshevik Party leader Vladimir Lenin launch a nearly bloodless coup d’état against the provisional government. Beginning of the Russian Civil War.
November 7, 1917 (Heshvan 22, 5678) (aged 25 years)
Background
United States Declares War On Austria-Hungary.
December 7, 1917 (Kislev 22, 5678) (aged 25 years)
Background
United States Signs Armistice With Germany
November 11, 1918 (Kislev 7, 5679) (aged 26 years)
Background
In the United States, the 18th Amendment Prohibition of alcohol becomes effective.
January 17, 1920 (Tevet 26, 5680) (aged 27 years)
Background
In Czechoslovakia, women are given the right to vote when the Constitution is enacted.
February 29, 1920 (Adar 10, 5680) (aged 27 years)
Background
Henry Ford publishes an article called THE INTERNATIONAL JEW: THE WORLD'S PROBLEM in the Dearborn Independent. Ford continues to publish anti-semitic articles for seven years. Copies of the newspapers are placed in Ford Auto Delearships. newspaper is sent
May 22, 1920 (Sivan 5, 5680) (aged 27 years)
Background
Treaty Of Trianon ended WWI. Hungary Gives Up Two Thirds Of Its Land. Town Of Bilky Becomes Part of Czechoslovakia.
June 6, 1920 (Sivan 20, 5680) (aged 27 years)
Background
In the United States, the 18th Amendment is certified and women are given the right to vote.
August 26, 1920 (Elul 12, 5680) (aged 28 years)
29th President of the United States
Warren G Harding
March 4, 1921 (Adar I 24, 5681) (aged 28 years)
Background
In the United States, the Emergency Quota Act restricts the number of immigrants.
May 21, 1921 (Iyar 13, 5681) (aged 28 years)
Background
In Soviet Union, Stalin becomes General Secretary of Communist Party.
April 3, 1922 (Nissan 5, 5682) (aged 29 years)
Background
Russian Civil War ends. 7,000,000–12,000,000 total deaths. The overwhelming majority of deaths were civilians. Russia becomes Soviet Union.
June 16, 1923 (Tamuz 2, 5683) (aged 30 years)
30th President of the United States
Calvin Coolidge
August 2, 1923 (Av 20, 5683) (aged 31 years)
Background
Hyperinflation occurs in Germany as a result of debt/reparations owed from World War I.
from 1921 (5681) to 1923 (5683) (aged 30 years)
Background
Mein Kampf, Hitler's autobigraphical manifesto, is published. Hitler compliments Henry Ford by name.
July 18, 1925 (Tamuz 26, 5685) (aged 33 years)
31st President of the United States
Herbert Hoover
March 4, 1929 (Adar I 22, 5689) (aged 36 years)
Background
In the United States, the stock market crashes and loses 23% in two days.
from October 23, 1929 (Tishrei 19, 5690) to October 24, 1929 (Tishrei 20, 5690) (aged 37 years)
Background
Heinrich Bruning becomes Chancellor of Germany. In response to the worldwide depression, he institutes a policy of austerity by tightening credit and reducing wages.
March 30, 1930 (Nissan 1, 5690) (aged 37 years)
Background
In the United States, the stock market loses 90% of its value in less than three years.
from April 1930 (Nissan 5690) to July 1932 (Tamuz 5692) (aged 39 years)
Background
Heinrich Bruning, Chancellor Of German, announces his Cabinet's resignation. Hitler becomes chancellor eight months later.
May 30, 1932 (Iyar 24, 5692) (aged 39 years)
Background
The United States stock market reaches its lowest point during the Great Depression. It was down 90% from its high.
July 8, 1932 (Tamuz 4, 5692) (aged 39 years)
Background
Hitler Becomes German Chancellor
January 30, 1933 (Shevat 3, 5693) (aged 40 years)
32nd President of the United States
Franklin D Roosevelt
March 4, 1933 (Adar 6, 5693) (aged 40 years)
Background
In the United States, the 18th Amendment is repealed and alcohol becomes legal again.
December 5, 1933 (Kislev 17, 5694) (aged 41 years)
Background
Reichstag Fire gives Hitler the opportunity to suspend civil liberties and the establishment of the Nazi Party as the only political party in Germany.
1933 (5693) (aged 40 years)
Background
German Parliament Passes Nuremberg Race Laws. Only racially pure Germans would be allowed to hold German citizenship. It banned future intermarriages and sexual relations between Jews and people “of German or related blood.”
September 15, 1935 (Elul 17, 5695) (aged 43 years)
Background
1936 Summer Olympics begins in Berlin, Germany. German Jewish athletes were barred.
August 1, 1936 (Av 13, 5696) (aged 44 years)
Background
Hitler holds a secret meeting in which he outlines Germany's plan to expand its territories by force. The meeting is summarized in the Hossbach Memorandum.
November 5, 1937 (Kislev 1, 5698) (aged 45 years)
Background
Germany annexes Austria.
March 12, 1938 (Adar II 9, 5698) (aged 45 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary restricts the number of Jews in each commercial enterprise, in the press, among physicians, engineers and lawyers to twenty percent.
May 29, 1938 (Iyar 28, 5698) (aged 45 years)
Background
Munich Agreement reached by Germany, Great Britain, France, and Italy that permitted German annexation of the Sudetenland, in western Czechoslovakia.
September 30, 1938 (Tishrei 5, 5699) (aged 46 years)
Deportation
Deported From Leipzig, Germany To Poland
October 28, 1938 (Heshvan 3, 5699) (aged 46 years)
Note: A record was found that indicated that Erika Weiser's mom was deported on October 28, 1938 from Leipzig to Poland. It is likely that Erika was deported in the same day.

A record was found that indicated that Erika Weiser's mom was deported on October 28, 1938 from Leipzig to Poland. It is likely that Erika was deported in the same day.

From October 27 until October 29, 1938, the day before a Polish decree regarding the eligibility of passports was set to take effect, state authorities in Germany arrested approximately 17,000 Polish Jews and cancelled their German permits of residence. The Gestapo was easily able to locate those arrested through registration data and census files. After being arrested, thousands of Polish Jews were stripped of any personal property or money and put on trains. These trains brought the deportees to the Germany–Poland border. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1938_expulsion_of_Polish_Jews_from_Germany

Background
Germany arrests 17,000 Polish Jewish Residents and deports thousands to Poland. https://w.wiki/5R8z
from October 27, 1938 (Heshvan 2, 5699) to October 29, 1938 (Heshvan 4, 5699) (aged 46 years)
Background
First Vienna Award separated from Czechoslovakia territories in southern Slovakia and southern Carpathian Rus and gave them to Hungary.
November 2, 1938 (Heshvan 8, 5699) (aged 46 years)
Pogrom
Kristallnacht
from November 9, 1938 (Heshvan 15, 5699) to November 10, 1938 (Heshvan 16, 5699) (aged 46 years)
Note: Kristallnacht (Crystal Night) comes from the broken windows of Jewish-owned stores, buildings and synagogues that were smashed. 7,500 Jewish owned businesses are looted. 30,000 Jewish males were rounded up and taken to concentration camps.
Invasion
Germany Occupies Czechoslovakia
March 15, 1939 (Adar 24, 5699) (aged 46 years)
Background
Carpathian Ruthenia Region, of which Bilky is a part of, declares its indepedence from Czechoslovakia.
March 15, 1939 (Adar 24, 5699) (aged 46 years)
Background
Carpathian Ruthenia Region, of which Bilky is a part of, is occupied and annexed by Hungary.
from March 15, 1939 (Adar 24, 5699) to March 18, 1939 (Adar 27, 5699) (aged 46 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary defines Jews racially: individuals with two, three or four Jewish-born grandparents were declared Jewish. It reduced the role of Jews in Hungarian economic life even more, setting the limit to 6%.
May 5, 1939 (Iyar 16, 5699) (aged 46 years)
Background
A non-aggression pact is signed between Soviet Union and Germany. It enabled the two countries to partition Poland. It is known as the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact.
August 23, 1939 (Elul 8, 5699) (aged 47 years)
Invasion
Beginning of WWII. Germany Invades Poland
September 1, 1939 (Elul 17, 5699) (aged 47 years)
Declaration Of War
Great Britain and France Declare War Against Germany
September 3, 1939 (Elul 19, 5699) (aged 47 years)
Background
Soviet Union invades Poland.
September 17, 1939 (Tishrei 4, 5700) (aged 47 years)
Background
Soviet Union and Germany divide Poland by German–Soviet Boundary and Friendship Treaty.
September 28, 1939 (Tishrei 15, 5700) (aged 47 years)
Deportation
Germany begins deportation of Austrian and Czech Jews to Poland
October 12, 1939 (Tishrei 29, 5700) (aged 47 years)
Background
In Poland, all Jews above the age of 11 must wear white armbands with the Jewish Star.
November 23, 1939 (Kislev 11, 5700) (aged 47 years)
Krakow Ghetto
In Krakow, Judenräte (Jewish Councils) were created which were to be run by Jewish citizens for the purpose of carrying out orders for the Nazis. These orders included registration of all Jewish people living in the area, the collection of taxes, and forced labour groups.
November 28, 1939 (Kislev 16, 5700) (aged 47 years)
Invasion
Germany Occupies Denmark and southern Norway
April 9, 1940 (Nissan 1, 5700) (aged 47 years)
Invasion
Germany Invades Belgium, the Netherlands, and France.
May 10, 1940 (Iyar 2, 5700) (aged 47 years)
Background
Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister of Britain.
May 10, 1940 (Iyar 2, 5700) (aged 47 years)
Concentration Camp
Auschwitz Established
May 20, 1940 (Iyar 12, 5700) (aged 47 years)
Background
Dunkirk Evacuation.
from May 26, 1940 (Iyar 18, 5700) to June 4, 1940 (Iyar 27, 5700) (aged 47 years)
Surrender
France Surrenders To Germany
June 22, 1940 (Sivan 16, 5700) (aged 47 years)
Ghetto
Warsaw Ghetto Sealed
November 16, 1940 (Heshvan 15, 5701) (aged 48 years)
Ghetto
Krakow Ghetto Formally Established
March 3, 1941 (Adar 4, 5701) (aged 48 years)
Forcibly Transported By Nazis
Transported from Krakau-Stadt to Międzyrzec Podlaska
March 20, 1941 (Adar 21, 5701) (aged 48 years)
Note: On the JewishGen Transport List, the name is listed as "Reni (sic) Brandstadter." "Reni" must be confused with "Hani." Otherwise, the specifics are identical including year of birth, "maiden name" of Weiser, and the same residential address as listed on the Krakow ID Application - "Grodzka 69 Krakau." The JewishGen website indicates the marital status as "verw." The marital statuses in German include: verheiratet" (married), "geschieden" (divorced) or "verwitwet" (widowed). So, it would indicate that Hanni was widowed. But on the Krakow Application, the marital status is listed as "gesch" which would mean divorced.
Residence
Note: Per the Krakow List, Hanni Brandstadter and Erika Weiser were forcibly transported by the Nazis on March 20, 1941 and was from Krakau-Stadt Lublin to Międzyrzec Podlaska.

Per the Krakow List, Hanni Brandstadter and Erika Weiser were forcibly transported by the Nazis on March 20, 1941 and was from Krakau-Stadt Lublin to Międzyrzec Podlaska.
"The Międzyrzec Podlaski Ghetto was one of the Nazi ghettos established for the confinement and persecution of the Jewish population of Międzyrzec Podlaski in the General Government territory of occupied Poland. The ghetto was liquidated in stages between 1942 and 1943 as part of the "Final Solution", with all Jews either killed on the spot in mass shooting actions or deported to Treblinka and Majdanek death camps. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mi%C4%99dzyrzec_Podlaski_Ghetto - retrieved January 14, 2021.

Marriage of a daughter
estimated 1941 (5701) (aged 48 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary prohibits intermarriage and penalizes sexual intercourse between Jews and non-Jews. Became a keystone in the process of excluding and eliminating Jews from Hungarian society.
August 8, 1941 (Av 15, 5701) (aged 49 years)
Background
Jewish Germans and Jews with citizenship of annexed states (Austrians, Czechs, Danzigers) from the age of six years are ordered to wear a yellow badge in the shape of a Jewish Star with Jude in the center.
September 1, 1941 (Elul 9, 5701) (aged 49 years)
Attack
Japan Bombs Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941 (Kislev 17, 5702) (aged 49 years)
Death of a sister
about 1942 (5702) (aged 49 years)
Death of a husband
1942 (5702) (aged 49 years)
Cause: Murdered by Nazis.
Background
At the Wannsee Conference, Nazis finalized their Final Solution plans to murder all the Jews after their deportation. Adolf Eichmann, who was eventually tried and executed in Israel for murdering Jews via the systematic deportation of millions of Jews to the extermination camps, was at the meeting.
January 20, 1942 (Shevat 2, 5702) (aged 49 years)
Background
First convoy of Jews from France are sent to Auschwitz.
March 27, 1942 (Nissan 9, 5702) (aged 49 years)
Background
Jewish Dutch people ordered to wear the Jewish yellow badge.
April 29, 1942 (Iyar 12, 5702) (aged 49 years)
Background
Jewish Belgians people ordered to wear the Jewish yellow badge.
June 3, 1942 (Sivan 18, 5702) (aged 49 years)
Background
Jews in Occuppied France ordered to wear the Jewish yellow badge.
June 7, 1942 (Sivan 22, 5702) (aged 49 years)
Deportation
Germany begins the deportation of Dutch Jews from camps in the Netherlands
July 15, 1942 (Av 1, 5702) (aged 50 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary abolishes the status of Judaism as a received religion.
July 19, 1942 (Av 5, 5702) (aged 50 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary prohibits Jews from acquiring agricultural property, and calls for the transfer of Jewish-owned property to non-Jews.
September 6, 1942 (Elul 24, 5702) (aged 50 years)
Background
French communist newspaper publishes a cover story about the extermination of 11,000 French Jews at Auschwitz.
October 10, 1942 (Tishrei 29, 5703) (aged 50 years)
Reports On The Holocaust
Small story on page 10 of the New York Times reported on the slaughter of Jews at Auschwitz.
November 25, 1942 (Kislev 16, 5703) (aged 50 years)
Ghetto
Krakow Ghetto Liquidated. Those deemed able to work were transported to the Płaszów concentration camp. Some 2,000 Jews unable to move or attempting to run were killed in the streets and in their homes. Operation Reinhard
March 13, 1943 (Adar II 6, 5703) (aged 50 years)
Background
Belgium Resistance attacks a train bound for Auschwitz and free 233 prisoners. It is the only mass escape from a Holocaust train.
April 19, 1943 (Nissan 14, 5703) (aged 50 years)
Invasion
Germany Occupies Hungary
March 19, 1944 (Adar 24, 5704) (0 after death)
Background
Two inmates, Slovak Jews Alfred Wetzler and Rudolf Vrba, escape from Auschwitz. They contact the Jewish council in Slovakia and give details about the murder of Jews at Auschwitz. A report is soon released to warn Hungary’s Jews of the Nazi plans to wipe out their community. The report initally does nothing to stop the mass deportation of Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz. Finally, in July 1944, after the report is published in the Swiss Press, Hungary is forced to stopped the deportation. The persecution of Hungarian Jews is continued in October 1944.
April 10, 1944 (Nissan 17, 5704) (0 after death)
Deportation
435,000 Hungarian Jews Are Deported To Auschwitz
from May 15, 1944 (Iyar 22, 5704) to July 9, 1944 (Tamuz 18, 5704) (0 after death)
Background
Nazis Photograph Hungarian Jews Arriving At Auschwitz. Many Jews Were From The Sub-Carpathia Region. Theses photos became know as The Auschwitz Album/Lilly Jacob Album. Lilly Jacob, the woman who found the photos, was from Bilky, Ukraine.
May 26, 1944 (Sivan 4, 5704) (0 after death)
Attack
D-Day, Allies Invade Normandy
June 6, 1944 (Sivan 15, 5704) (0 after death)
Holocaust
yes
Death
estimated 1944 (5704) (aged 51 years)
Cause of death: Murdered by the Nazis.
Remembrance
July 8, 2022 (Tamuz 9, 5782) (78 years after death) Age: 130
Note: This is my grandmother's 130th Birthday. I never got to meet you. You'd be happy to know that your daughter Erika survived Auschwitz and went on to raise two loving sons. You are the great-grandmother of three beautiful young adults. We love you. May You Rest In Peace. עליה השלום
130th Birthday
July 13, 2022 (Tamuz 14, 5782) (78 years after death)
Note: Happy Birthday, Grandma.

Happy Birthday, Grandma.
All my love,
Your Grandson David.

Family with parents
father
mother
Marriage Marriage
herself
Hanni Brandstadter Krakow Application 1940
18921944
Birth: July 13, 1892 Kolomyia, Ukraine
Death: estimated 1944
-3 years
elder sister
Chaja Meinhardt August 1940
18891942
Birth: April 15, 1889 Kolomyia, Ukraine
Death: about 1942
Family with Michael Weiser
husband
herself
Hanni Brandstadter Krakow Application 1940
18921944
Birth: July 13, 1892 Kolomyia, Ukraine
Death: estimated 1944
Religious marriage Religious marriageestimated 1915
2 years
daughter
Erika Weiser Estimated 1948
אסתר בת רי מאיר
19161988
Birth: December 25, 1916 26 24 Leipzig, Germany
Death: November 22, 1988New York, New York
Birth
Date of entry in original source: August 14, 1940
Religious marriage

As of January 14, 2021, details of the marriage are unknown. It is assumed that they were married because on the Krakow application that was completed by Hanni, she listed the marital states as "gesch."
The marital statuses in German include: verheiratet" (married), "geschieden" (divorced) or "verwitwet" (widowed). Also, the only child that I am aware about is my mother, Erika Weiser. She was born in December 1916. So, I estimated the marriage date as 1915.

Deportation

A record was found that indicated that Erika Weiser's mom was deported on October 28, 1938 from Leipzig to Poland. It is likely that Erika was deported in the same day.

From October 27 until October 29, 1938, the day before a Polish decree regarding the eligibility of passports was set to take effect, state authorities in Germany arrested approximately 17,000 Polish Jews and cancelled their German permits of residence. The Gestapo was easily able to locate those arrested through registration data and census files. After being arrested, thousands of Polish Jews were stripped of any personal property or money and put on trains. These trains brought the deportees to the Germany–Poland border. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1938_expulsion_of_Polish_Jews_from_Germany

Forcibly Transported By Nazis

On the JewishGen Transport List, the name is listed as "Reni (sic) Brandstadter." "Reni" must be confused with "Hani." Otherwise, the specifics are identical including year of birth, "maiden name" of Weiser, and the same residential address as listed on the Krakow ID Application - "Grodzka 69 Krakau." The JewishGen website indicates the marital status as "verw." The marital statuses in German include: verheiratet" (married), "geschieden" (divorced) or "verwitwet" (widowed). So, it would indicate that Hanni was widowed. But on the Krakow Application, the marital status is listed as "gesch" which would mean divorced.

Residence

Per the Krakow List, Hanni Brandstadter and Erika Weiser were forcibly transported by the Nazis on March 20, 1941 and was from Krakau-Stadt Lublin to Międzyrzec Podlaska.
"The Międzyrzec Podlaski Ghetto was one of the Nazi ghettos established for the confinement and persecution of the Jewish population of Międzyrzec Podlaski in the General Government territory of occupied Poland. The ghetto was liquidated in stages between 1942 and 1943 as part of the "Final Solution", with all Jews either killed on the spot in mass shooting actions or deported to Treblinka and Majdanek death camps. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mi%C4%99dzyrzec_Podlaski_Ghetto - retrieved January 14, 2021.

Remembrance

This is my grandmother's 130th Birthday. I never got to meet you. You'd be happy to know that your daughter Erika survived Auschwitz and went on to raise two loving sons. You are the great-grandmother of three beautiful young adults. We love you. May You Rest In Peace. עליה השלום

130th Birthday

Happy Birthday, Grandma.
All my love,
Your Grandson David.