Jeno Klein, 18821944 (aged 61 years)

Name
Jeno /Klein/
Given names
Jeno
Surname
Klein
Birth
22nd President of the United States
Grover Cleveland
March 4, 1885 (Adar 17, 5645) (aged 2 years)
23rd President of the United States
Benjamin Harrison
March 4, 1889 (Adar II 1, 5649) (aged 6 years)
24th President of the United States
Grover Cleveland
March 4, 1893 (Adar 16, 5653) (aged 10 years)
Marriage of a brother
Religion: Jewish
Note: For Zsigmond Klein and his father Izrael Klein, the occupation is listed as "kisbirtokos" ("smallholder"). Per the excellent website http://www.berecz.us/tutorial/civil/notes.htm (retrieved 04 JAN 2021) - "KISBIRTOKOS: Prior to 1848, the term "smallholder" was not often used. When it was used, it meant a nobleman who owned only a very small piece of land -- one section or less. After "serfdom" was abolished in 1848, it also applied to those landed peasants who had taken full legal ownership of the land they farmed. "
Note: For Dovid Veisz (father of the bride), the occupation is listed as "korcsmáros" - innkeeper.

For Dovid Veisz (father of the bride), the occupation is listed as "korcsmáros" - innkeeper.
For Chaja Stern (mother of the bride), the occupation is listed as "haztartas" - housewife.

"Kisbirtokos" is "smallholder"). Per the excellent website http://www.berecz.us/tutorial/civil/notes.htm (retrieved 04 JAN 2021) - "KISBIRTOKOS: Prior to 1848, the term "smallholder" was not often used. When it was used, it meant a nobleman who owned only a very small piece of land -- one section or less. After "serfdom" was abolished in 1848, it also applied to those landed peasants who had taken full legal ownership of the land they farmed. "

Note: In the olden times, the marriages were prearranged by the parents of the bride and groom. Naturally, they always looked out for the welfare of their children's future. The young couple did not see each other before the wedding.

In the olden times, the marriages were prearranged by the parents of the bride and groom. Naturally, they always looked out for the welfare of their children's future. The young couple did not see each other before the wedding.

My mother's father, his name was David, was 19 years old when he married her mother Chaje at age 15. In many cases these marriages worked out very well but my grandmother (my mother's mother) was a city girl. She came from Palanka, near Munkacs, and she found herself suddenly on the outskirts of a little town Bilke, on top of a mountain where the next neighbor was miles away. The land as far as she could see belonged to the parents of her bride groom the Weiss family and besides that, they were mining ore of which iron was made.

The young groom did not know too much about the business. He was attending schools, Yeshivas, in the big cities. After the wedding, he had to learn the business part and his father did everything to break him into it. At the same time, naturally, they found that the bride needed to be improved also.

Her parents were business people. They traveled far and wide for merchandise which consisted of silks from France, lace from Switzerland, and iron work from Germany and other commodities which brought profit to the business. They were the Strobel family from Palanka. Between the two families was a big gap. except that they both were wealthy.

The bride arrived with beautiful silk dresses and capes. Her mother-in-law, my mother's grandmother, wore peasant-like dresses more suitable to the life of the surroundings. The countryside there in itself was so overwhelmingly enchanting that the beautiful silk dresses were lost there completely.

One morning the young bride got up and found her sun umbrella stuck in the vegetable garden to serve as a scarecrow to scare away the birds. This was the limit! She picked herself up and went home which was not an easy thing to do. At that time, there was no railroad. With a horse and buggy, it took her a week to reach her destination.

In the 1800's, this was a revolutionary thing to do for a young woman to leave her husband. Her parents were terribly upset, beside the shame this brought upon them. They could not handle the situation. Needless to say, they tried everything to persuade her to go back to her husband but there was no way. After a while, she must have felt that she was not welcome anymore in her parents' house. But she finally came up with a solution. Chaje told her father that if he would give her another dowry, she would go back to her husband.

She soon arrived in Bilke with a bundle of money and bought in the center of the town a big piece of land and had a beautiful house built on an elevation far from the main road. It had a terrace and a cellar. The terrace continued as a gangway around the house. The rooms were very large. But the most outstanding feature was in the kitchen. It had two stoves stacked one upon another. The whole town came to see this invention. In another room, the ceiling was painted with beautiful ornaments on wooden boards.

Eva Klein - Daughter

25th President of the United States
William McKinley
March 4, 1897 (Adar I 30, 5657) (aged 14 years)
26th President of the United States
Theodore Roosevelt
September 14, 1901 (Tishrei 1, 5662) (aged 19 years)
27th President of the United States
William Howard Taft
March 4, 1909 (Adar 11, 5669) (aged 26 years)
Background
Japan annexes Korea.
from 1910 (5670) (aged 27 years)
28th President of the United States
Woodrow Wilson
March 4, 1913 (Adar I 25, 5673) (aged 30 years)
Background
The Great Powers were divided into two opposing alliances, the Triple Entente, consisting of France, Russia, and Britain, and the Triple Alliance, made up of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.
January 1, 1914 (Tevet 3, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Assasination
Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Heir To The Austrian Throne, Is Assasinated In Sarajevo, Bosnia
June 18, 1914 (Sivan 24, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
British Passenger Liner Lusitania Is Sunk By A German Sumbarine. Killing about 1200.
June 18, 1914 (Sivan 24, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
Austria-Hungary Declares War On Serbia. Russia, An Ally Of Serbia, Mobilize Troops. Russia's entrance into WWI was a disaster. By the end of the war, about 2.5 million Russians had been killed.
July 28, 1914 (Av 5, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
Germany Declares War On Russia.
August 1, 1914 (Av 9, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
Germany Declares War On France.
August 3, 1914 (Av 11, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
Britain Declares War On Germany.
August 4, 1914 (Av 12, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
Austria Declares War On Russia.
August 6, 1914 (Av 14, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
Japan Declares War On Germany.
August 23, 1914 (Elul 1, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
Austria Declares War On Japan.
August 25, 1914 (Elul 3, 5674) (aged 31 years)
Background
Russian Czar Nicholas is forced to abdicate the throne.
March 15, 1917 (Adar 21, 5677) (aged 34 years)
Background
United States Declares War On Germany
April 6, 1917 (Nissan 14, 5677) (aged 34 years)
Background
In Russia, leftist revolutionaries led by Bolshevik Party leader Vladimir Lenin launch a nearly bloodless coup d’état against the provisional government. Beginning of the Russian Civil War.
November 7, 1917 (Heshvan 22, 5678) (aged 35 years)
Background
United States Declares War On Austria-Hungary.
December 7, 1917 (Kislev 22, 5678) (aged 35 years)
Death of a brother
Cause: Bone Atrophy
Restriction: Show to visitors
Note: According to the death record, the cause of death appears to be listed as "csont torvadaj." When the image was posted on a Facebook translation group, it was translated as "bone atrophy." This matches what I was told by my father Meynhart Klein that grandfather Zsigmond died of a leg infection.

According to the death record, the cause of death appears to be listed as "csont torvadaj." When the image was posted on a Facebook translation group, it was translated as "bone atrophy." This matches what I was told by my father Meynhart Klein that grandfather Zsigmond died of a leg infection.

David 12/30/2020

Background
United States Signs Armistice With Germany
November 11, 1918 (Kislev 7, 5679) (aged 36 years)
Background
In the United States, the 18th Amendment Prohibition of alcohol becomes effective.
January 17, 1920 (Tevet 26, 5680) (aged 37 years)
Background
In Czechoslovakia, women are given the right to vote when the Constitution is enacted.
February 29, 1920 (Adar 10, 5680) (aged 37 years)
Background
Henry Ford publishes an article called THE INTERNATIONAL JEW: THE WORLD'S PROBLEM in the Dearborn Independent. Ford continues to publish anti-semitic articles for seven years. Copies of the newspapers are placed in Ford Auto Delearships. newspaper is sent
May 22, 1920 (Sivan 5, 5680) (aged 37 years)
Background
Treaty Of Trianon ended WWI. Hungary Gives Up Two Thirds Of Its Land. Town Of Bilky Becomes Part of Czechoslovakia.
June 6, 1920 (Sivan 20, 5680) (aged 37 years)
Background
In the United States, the 18th Amendment is certified and women are given the right to vote.
August 26, 1920 (Elul 12, 5680) (aged 37 years)
29th President of the United States
Warren G Harding
March 4, 1921 (Adar I 24, 5681) (aged 38 years)
Background
In the United States, the Emergency Quota Act restricts the number of immigrants.
May 21, 1921 (Iyar 13, 5681) (aged 38 years)
Background
In Soviet Union, Stalin becomes General Secretary of Communist Party.
April 3, 1922 (Nissan 5, 5682) (aged 39 years)
Background
Russian Civil War ends. 7,000,000–12,000,000 total deaths. The overwhelming majority of deaths were civilians. Russia becomes Soviet Union.
June 16, 1923 (Tamuz 2, 5683) (aged 40 years)
30th President of the United States
Calvin Coolidge
August 2, 1923 (Av 20, 5683) (aged 40 years)
Background
Hyperinflation occurs in Germany as a result of debt/reparations owed from World War I.
from 1921 (5681) to 1923 (5683) (aged 40 years)
Background
Mein Kampf, Hitler's autobigraphical manifesto, is published. Hitler compliments Henry Ford by name.
July 18, 1925 (Tamuz 26, 5685) (aged 42 years)
Death of a mother
Note: The death certificate is signed by her son Jeno Klein.
31st President of the United States
Herbert Hoover
March 4, 1929 (Adar I 22, 5689) (aged 46 years)
Background
In the United States, the stock market crashes and loses 23% in two days.
from October 23, 1929 (Tishrei 19, 5690) to October 24, 1929 (Tishrei 20, 5690) (aged 47 years)
Background
Heinrich Bruning becomes Chancellor of Germany. In response to the worldwide depression, he institutes a policy of austerity by tightening credit and reducing wages.
March 30, 1930 (Nissan 1, 5690) (aged 47 years)
Background
In the United States, the stock market loses 90% of its value in less than three years.
from April 1930 (Nissan 5690) to July 1932 (Tamuz 5692) (aged 49 years)
Background
Heinrich Bruning, Chancellor Of German, announces his Cabinet's resignation. Hitler becomes chancellor eight months later.
May 30, 1932 (Iyar 24, 5692) (aged 49 years)
Background
The United States stock market reaches its lowest point during the Great Depression. It was down 90% from its high.
July 8, 1932 (Tamuz 4, 5692) (aged 49 years)
Background
Hitler Becomes German Chancellor
January 30, 1933 (Shevat 3, 5693) (aged 50 years)
32nd President of the United States
Franklin D Roosevelt
March 4, 1933 (Adar 6, 5693) (aged 50 years)
Background
In the United States, the 18th Amendment is repealed and alcohol becomes legal again.
December 5, 1933 (Kislev 17, 5694) (aged 51 years)
Background
Reichstag Fire gives Hitler the opportunity to suspend civil liberties and the establishment of the Nazi Party as the only political party in Germany.
1933 (5693) (aged 50 years)
Background
German Parliament Passes Nuremberg Race Laws. Only racially pure Germans would be allowed to hold German citizenship. It banned future intermarriages and sexual relations between Jews and people “of German or related blood.”
September 15, 1935 (Elul 17, 5695) (aged 53 years)
Background
1936 Summer Olympics begins in Berlin, Germany. German Jewish athletes were barred.
August 1, 1936 (Av 13, 5696) (aged 53 years)
Background
Hitler holds a secret meeting in which he outlines Germany's plan to expand its territories by force. The meeting is summarized in the Hossbach Memorandum.
November 5, 1937 (Kislev 1, 5698) (aged 55 years)
Background
Germany annexes Austria.
March 12, 1938 (Adar II 9, 5698) (aged 55 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary restricts the number of Jews in each commercial enterprise, in the press, among physicians, engineers and lawyers to twenty percent.
May 29, 1938 (Iyar 28, 5698) (aged 55 years)
Background
Munich Agreement reached by Germany, Great Britain, France, and Italy that permitted German annexation of the Sudetenland, in western Czechoslovakia.
September 30, 1938 (Tishrei 5, 5699) (aged 56 years)
Background
Germany arrests 17,000 Polish Jewish Residents and deports thousands to Poland. https://w.wiki/5R8z
from October 27, 1938 (Heshvan 2, 5699) to October 29, 1938 (Heshvan 4, 5699) (aged 56 years)
Background
First Vienna Award separated from Czechoslovakia territories in southern Slovakia and southern Carpathian Rus and gave them to Hungary.
November 2, 1938 (Heshvan 8, 5699) (aged 56 years)
Pogrom
Kristallnacht
from November 9, 1938 (Heshvan 15, 5699) to November 10, 1938 (Heshvan 16, 5699) (aged 56 years)
Note: Kristallnacht (Crystal Night) comes from the broken windows of Jewish-owned stores, buildings and synagogues that were smashed. 7,500 Jewish owned businesses are looted. 30,000 Jewish males were rounded up and taken to concentration camps.
Invasion
Germany Occupies Czechoslovakia
March 15, 1939 (Adar 24, 5699) (aged 56 years)
Background
Carpathian Ruthenia Region, of which Bilky is a part of, declares its indepedence from Czechoslovakia.
March 15, 1939 (Adar 24, 5699) (aged 56 years)
Background
Carpathian Ruthenia Region, of which Bilky is a part of, is occupied and annexed by Hungary.
from March 15, 1939 (Adar 24, 5699) to March 18, 1939 (Adar 27, 5699) (aged 56 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary defines Jews racially: individuals with two, three or four Jewish-born grandparents were declared Jewish. It reduced the role of Jews in Hungarian economic life even more, setting the limit to 6%.
May 5, 1939 (Iyar 16, 5699) (aged 56 years)
Background
A non-aggression pact is signed between Soviet Union and Germany. It enabled the two countries to partition Poland. It is known as the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact.
August 23, 1939 (Elul 8, 5699) (aged 56 years)
Invasion
Beginning of WWII. Germany Invades Poland
September 1, 1939 (Elul 17, 5699) (aged 57 years)
Declaration Of War
Great Britain and France Declare War Against Germany
September 3, 1939 (Elul 19, 5699) (aged 57 years)
Background
Soviet Union invades Poland.
September 17, 1939 (Tishrei 4, 5700) (aged 57 years)
Background
Soviet Union and Germany divide Poland by German–Soviet Boundary and Friendship Treaty.
September 28, 1939 (Tishrei 15, 5700) (aged 57 years)
Deportation
Germany begins deportation of Austrian and Czech Jews to Poland
October 12, 1939 (Tishrei 29, 5700) (aged 57 years)
Background
In Poland, all Jews above the age of 11 must wear white armbands with the Jewish Star.
November 23, 1939 (Kislev 11, 5700) (aged 57 years)
Krakow Ghetto
In Krakow, Judenräte (Jewish Councils) were created which were to be run by Jewish citizens for the purpose of carrying out orders for the Nazis. These orders included registration of all Jewish people living in the area, the collection of taxes, and forced labour groups.
November 28, 1939 (Kislev 16, 5700) (aged 57 years)
Invasion
Germany Occupies Denmark and southern Norway
April 9, 1940 (Nissan 1, 5700) (aged 57 years)
Invasion
Germany Invades Belgium, the Netherlands, and France.
May 10, 1940 (Iyar 2, 5700) (aged 57 years)
Background
Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister of Britain.
May 10, 1940 (Iyar 2, 5700) (aged 57 years)
Concentration Camp
Auschwitz Established
May 20, 1940 (Iyar 12, 5700) (aged 57 years)
Background
Dunkirk Evacuation.
from May 26, 1940 (Iyar 18, 5700) to June 4, 1940 (Iyar 27, 5700) (aged 57 years)
Surrender
France Surrenders To Germany
June 22, 1940 (Sivan 16, 5700) (aged 57 years)
Ghetto
Warsaw Ghetto Sealed
November 16, 1940 (Heshvan 15, 5701) (aged 58 years)
Ghetto
Krakow Ghetto Formally Established
March 3, 1941 (Adar 4, 5701) (aged 58 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary prohibits intermarriage and penalizes sexual intercourse between Jews and non-Jews. Became a keystone in the process of excluding and eliminating Jews from Hungarian society.
August 8, 1941 (Av 15, 5701) (aged 58 years)
Background
Jewish Germans and Jews with citizenship of annexed states (Austrians, Czechs, Danzigers) from the age of six years are ordered to wear a yellow badge in the shape of a Jewish Star with Jude in the center.
September 1, 1941 (Elul 9, 5701) (aged 59 years)
Attack
Japan Bombs Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941 (Kislev 17, 5702) (aged 59 years)
Background
At the Wannsee Conference, Nazis finalized their Final Solution plans to murder all the Jews after their deportation. Adolf Eichmann, who was eventually tried and executed in Israel for murdering Jews via the systematic deportation of millions of Jews to the extermination camps, was at the meeting.
January 20, 1942 (Shevat 2, 5702) (aged 59 years)
Background
First convoy of Jews from France are sent to Auschwitz.
March 27, 1942 (Nissan 9, 5702) (aged 59 years)
Background
Jewish Dutch people ordered to wear the Jewish yellow badge.
April 29, 1942 (Iyar 12, 5702) (aged 59 years)
Background
Jewish Belgians people ordered to wear the Jewish yellow badge.
June 3, 1942 (Sivan 18, 5702) (aged 59 years)
Background
Jews in Occuppied France ordered to wear the Jewish yellow badge.
June 7, 1942 (Sivan 22, 5702) (aged 59 years)
Deportation
Germany begins the deportation of Dutch Jews from camps in the Netherlands
July 15, 1942 (Av 1, 5702) (aged 59 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary abolishes the status of Judaism as a received religion.
July 19, 1942 (Av 5, 5702) (aged 59 years)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary prohibits Jews from acquiring agricultural property, and calls for the transfer of Jewish-owned property to non-Jews.
September 6, 1942 (Elul 24, 5702) (aged 60 years)
Background
French communist newspaper publishes a cover story about the extermination of 11,000 French Jews at Auschwitz.
October 10, 1942 (Tishrei 29, 5703) (aged 60 years)
Reports On The Holocaust
Small story on page 10 of the New York Times reported on the slaughter of Jews at Auschwitz.
November 25, 1942 (Kislev 16, 5703) (aged 60 years)
Ghetto
Krakow Ghetto Liquidated. Those deemed able to work were transported to the Płaszów concentration camp. Some 2,000 Jews unable to move or attempting to run were killed in the streets and in their homes. Operation Reinhard
March 13, 1943 (Adar II 6, 5703) (aged 60 years)
Background
Belgium Resistance attacks a train bound for Auschwitz and free 233 prisoners. It is the only mass escape from a Holocaust train.
April 19, 1943 (Nissan 14, 5703) (aged 60 years)
Invasion
Germany Occupies Hungary
March 19, 1944 (Adar 24, 5704) (aged 61 years)
Background
Two inmates, Slovak Jews Alfred Wetzler and Rudolf Vrba, escape from Auschwitz. They contact the Jewish council in Slovakia and give details about the murder of Jews at Auschwitz. A report is soon released to warn Hungary’s Jews of the Nazi plans to wipe out their community. The report initally does nothing to stop the mass deportation of Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz. Finally, in July 1944, after the report is published in the Swiss Press, Hungary is forced to stopped the deportation. The persecution of Hungarian Jews is continued in October 1944.
April 10, 1944 (Nissan 17, 5704) (aged 61 years)
Deportation
435,000 Hungarian Jews Are Deported To Auschwitz
from May 15, 1944 (Iyar 22, 5704) to July 9, 1944 (Tamuz 18, 5704) (on the date of death)
Death
May 15, 1944 (Iyar 22, 5704) (aged 61 years)
Note: May 15, 1944 is chosen as a remembrance for those of our family who were murdered at Auschwitz.
Remembrance
140th Birthday
September 1, 2022 (Elul 5, 5782) (78 years after death)
Note: Unfortunately, the specific date is omitted on the birth record. It is listed only as September 1882.

Unfortunately, the specific date is omitted on the birth record. It is listed only as September 1882.

Happy Birthday, Great Uncle Jeno.

May Peace Be With You. עליו השלום

Family with parents
father
mother
Marriage Marriage
himself
18821944
Birth: September 1882 52 38 Verbőcz
Death: May 15, 1944
-12 years
elder brother
Map Of Bilky To Different Locations
18711918
Birth: March 1871 41 27 Verbovets', Zakarpattia Oblast, Ukraine
Death: July 9, 1918Bilke, Hungary
Death

May 15, 1944 is chosen as a remembrance for those of our family who were murdered at Auschwitz.

Remembrance

Unfortunately, the specific date is omitted on the birth record. It is listed only as September 1882.

Happy Birthday, Great Uncle Jeno.

May Peace Be With You. עליו השלום