Màjer Josovic, 1905

Màjer /Josovic/
Given names
27th President of the United States
William Howard Taft
March 4, 1909 (Adar 11, 5669)
Japan annexes Korea.
from 1910 (5670)
28th President of the United States
Woodrow Wilson
March 4, 1913 (Adar I 25, 5673)
The Great Powers were divided into two opposing alliances, the Triple Entente, consisting of France, Russia, and Britain, and the Triple Alliance, made up of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.
January 1, 1914 (Tevet 3, 5674)
Archduke Franz Ferdinand, Heir To The Austrian Throne, Is Assasinated In Sarajevo, Bosnia
June 18, 1914 (Sivan 24, 5674)
British Passenger Liner Lusitania Is Sunk By A German Sumbarine. Killing about 1200.
June 18, 1914 (Sivan 24, 5674)
Austria-Hungary Declares War On Serbia. Russia, An Ally Of Serbia, Mobilize Troops. Russia's entrance into WWI was a disaster. By the end of the war, about 2.5 million Russians had been killed.
July 28, 1914 (Av 5, 5674)
Germany Declares War On Russia.
August 1, 1914 (Av 9, 5674)
Germany Declares War On France.
August 3, 1914 (Av 11, 5674)
Britain Declares War On Germany.
August 4, 1914 (Av 12, 5674)
Austria Declares War On Russia.
August 6, 1914 (Av 14, 5674)
Japan Declares War On Germany.
August 23, 1914 (Elul 1, 5674)
Austria Declares War On Japan.
August 25, 1914 (Elul 3, 5674)
Russian Czar Nicholas is forced to abdicate the throne.
March 15, 1917 (Adar 21, 5677)
United States Declares War On Germany
April 6, 1917 (Nissan 14, 5677)
In Russia, leftist revolutionaries led by Bolshevik Party leader Vladimir Lenin launch a nearly bloodless coup d’état against the provisional government. Beginning of the Russian Civil War.
November 7, 1917 (Heshvan 22, 5678)
United States Declares War On Austria-Hungary.
December 7, 1917 (Kislev 22, 5678)
United States Signs Armistice With Germany
November 11, 1918 (Kislev 7, 5679)
In the United States, the 18th Amendment Prohibition of alcohol becomes effective.
January 17, 1920 (Tevet 26, 5680)
In Czechoslovakia, women are given the right to vote when the Constitution is enacted.
February 29, 1920 (Adar 10, 5680)
Henry Ford publishes an article called THE INTERNATIONAL JEW: THE WORLD'S PROBLEM in the Dearborn Independent. Ford continues to publish anti-semitic articles for seven years. Copies of the newspapers are placed in Ford Auto Delearships. newspaper is sent
May 22, 1920 (Sivan 5, 5680)
Treaty Of Trianon ended WWI. Hungary Gives Up Two Thirds Of Its Land. Town Of Bilky Becomes Part of Czechoslovakia.
June 6, 1920 (Sivan 20, 5680)
In the United States, the 18th Amendment is certified and women are given the right to vote.
August 26, 1920 (Elul 12, 5680)
29th President of the United States
Warren G Harding
March 4, 1921 (Adar I 24, 5681)
In the United States, the Emergency Quota Act restricts the number of immigrants.
May 21, 1921 (Iyar 13, 5681)
In Soviet Union, Stalin becomes General Secretary of Communist Party.
April 3, 1922 (Nissan 5, 5682)
Russian Civil War ends. 7,000,000–12,000,000 total deaths. The overwhelming majority of deaths were civilians. Russia becomes Soviet Union.
June 16, 1923 (Tamuz 2, 5683)
30th President of the United States
Calvin Coolidge
August 2, 1923 (Av 20, 5683)
Hyperinflation occurs in Germany as a result of debt/reparations owed from World War I.
from 1921 (5681) to 1923 (5683)
Mein Kampf, Hitler's autobigraphical manifesto, is published. Hitler compliments Henry Ford by name.
July 18, 1925 (Tamuz 26, 5685)
31st President of the United States
Herbert Hoover
March 4, 1929 (Adar I 22, 5689)
In the United States, the stock market crashes and loses 23% in two days.
from October 23, 1929 (Tishrei 19, 5690) to October 24, 1929 (Tishrei 20, 5690)
Marriage of a sister
Religion: Jewish

misto, kde manzelstvi se odbylo, den mesic a rok - the place where the marriage took place, the day of the month and the year, 9 prosince 1929 - December 9, 1929

Quality of data: primary evidence
Heinrich Bruning becomes Chancellor of Germany. In response to the worldwide depression, he institutes a policy of austerity by tightening credit and reducing wages.
March 30, 1930 (Nissan 1, 5690)
In the United States, the stock market loses 90% of its value in less than three years.
from April 1930 (Nissan 5690) to July 1932 (Tamuz 5692)
Heinrich Bruning, Chancellor Of German, announces his Cabinet's resignation. Hitler becomes chancellor eight months later.
May 30, 1932 (Iyar 24, 5692)
The United States stock market reaches its lowest point during the Great Depression. It was down 90% from its high.
July 8, 1932 (Tamuz 4, 5692)
Hitler Becomes German Chancellor
January 30, 1933 (Shevat 3, 5693)
32nd President of the United States
Franklin D Roosevelt
March 4, 1933 (Adar 6, 5693)
In the United States, the 18th Amendment is repealed and alcohol becomes legal again.
December 5, 1933 (Kislev 17, 5694)
Reichstag Fire gives Hitler the opportunity to suspend civil liberties and the establishment of the Nazi Party as the only political party in Germany.
1933 (5693)
German Parliament Passes Nuremberg Race Laws. Only racially pure Germans would be allowed to hold German citizenship. It banned future intermarriages and sexual relations between Jews and people “of German or related blood.”
September 15, 1935 (Elul 17, 5695)
1936 Summer Olympics begins in Berlin, Germany. German Jewish athletes were barred.
August 1, 1936 (Av 13, 5696)
Hitler holds a secret meeting in which he outlines Germany's plan to expand its territories by force. The meeting is summarized in the Hossbach Memorandum.
November 5, 1937 (Kislev 1, 5698)
Germany annexes Austria.
March 12, 1938 (Adar II 9, 5698)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary restricts the number of Jews in each commercial enterprise, in the press, among physicians, engineers and lawyers to twenty percent.
May 29, 1938 (Iyar 28, 5698)
Munich Agreement reached by Germany, Great Britain, France, and Italy that permitted German annexation of the Sudetenland, in western Czechoslovakia.
September 30, 1938 (Tishrei 5, 5699)
Germany arrests 17,000 Polish Jewish Residents and deports thousands to Poland. https://w.wiki/5R8z
from October 27, 1938 (Heshvan 2, 5699) to October 29, 1938 (Heshvan 4, 5699)
First Vienna Award separated from Czechoslovakia territories in southern Slovakia and southern Carpathian Rus and gave them to Hungary.
November 2, 1938 (Heshvan 8, 5699)
Note: Kristallnacht (Crystal Night) comes from the broken windows of Jewish-owned stores, buildings and synagogues that were smashed. 7,500 Jewish owned businesses are looted. 30,000 Jewish males were rounded up and taken to concentration camps.
Germany Occupies Czechoslovakia
March 15, 1939 (Adar 24, 5699)
Carpathian Ruthenia Region, of which Bilky is a part of, declares its indepedence from Czechoslovakia.
March 15, 1939 (Adar 24, 5699)
Carpathian Ruthenia Region, of which Bilky is a part of, is occupied and annexed by Hungary.
from March 15, 1939 (Adar 24, 5699) to March 18, 1939 (Adar 27, 5699)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary defines Jews racially: individuals with two, three or four Jewish-born grandparents were declared Jewish. It reduced the role of Jews in Hungarian economic life even more, setting the limit to 6%.
May 5, 1939 (Iyar 16, 5699)
A non-aggression pact is signed between Soviet Union and Germany. It enabled the two countries to partition Poland. It is known as the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact.
August 23, 1939 (Elul 8, 5699)
Beginning of WWII. Germany Invades Poland
September 1, 1939 (Elul 17, 5699)
Declaration Of War
Great Britain and France Declare War Against Germany
September 3, 1939 (Elul 19, 5699)
Soviet Union invades Poland.
September 17, 1939 (Tishrei 4, 5700)
Soviet Union and Germany divide Poland by German–Soviet Boundary and Friendship Treaty.
September 28, 1939 (Tishrei 15, 5700)
Germany begins deportation of Austrian and Czech Jews to Poland
October 12, 1939 (Tishrei 29, 5700)
In Poland, all Jews above the age of 11 must wear white armbands with the Jewish Star.
November 23, 1939 (Kislev 11, 5700)
Krakow Ghetto
In Krakow, Judenräte (Jewish Councils) were created which were to be run by Jewish citizens for the purpose of carrying out orders for the Nazis. These orders included registration of all Jewish people living in the area, the collection of taxes, and forced labour groups.
November 28, 1939 (Kislev 16, 5700)
Germany Occupies Denmark and southern Norway
April 9, 1940 (Nissan 1, 5700)
Germany Invades Belgium, the Netherlands, and France.
May 10, 1940 (Iyar 2, 5700)
Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister of Britain.
May 10, 1940 (Iyar 2, 5700)
Concentration Camp
Auschwitz Established
May 20, 1940 (Iyar 12, 5700)
Dunkirk Evacuation.
from May 26, 1940 (Iyar 18, 5700) to June 4, 1940 (Iyar 27, 5700)
France Surrenders To Germany
June 22, 1940 (Sivan 16, 5700)
Warsaw Ghetto Sealed
November 16, 1940 (Heshvan 15, 5701)
Krakow Ghetto Formally Established
March 3, 1941 (Adar 4, 5701)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary prohibits intermarriage and penalizes sexual intercourse between Jews and non-Jews. Became a keystone in the process of excluding and eliminating Jews from Hungarian society.
August 8, 1941 (Av 15, 5701)
Jewish Germans and Jews with citizenship of annexed states (Austrians, Czechs, Danzigers) from the age of six years are ordered to wear a yellow badge in the shape of a Jewish Star with Jude in the center.
September 1, 1941 (Elul 9, 5701)
Japan Bombs Pearl Harbor
December 7, 1941 (Kislev 17, 5702)
At the Wannsee Conference, Nazis finalized their Final Solution plans to murder all the Jews after their deportation. Adolf Eichmann, who was eventually tried and executed in Israel for murdering Jews via the systematic deportation of millions of Jews to the extermination camps, was at the meeting.
January 20, 1942 (Shevat 2, 5702)
First convoy of Jews from France are sent to Auschwitz.
March 27, 1942 (Nissan 9, 5702)
Jewish Dutch people ordered to wear the Jewish yellow badge.
April 29, 1942 (Iyar 12, 5702)
Jewish Belgians people ordered to wear the Jewish yellow badge.
June 3, 1942 (Sivan 18, 5702)
Jews in Occuppied France ordered to wear the Jewish yellow badge.
June 7, 1942 (Sivan 22, 5702)
Germany begins the deportation of Dutch Jews from camps in the Netherlands
July 15, 1942 (Av 1, 5702)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary abolishes the status of Judaism as a received religion.
July 19, 1942 (Av 5, 5702)
Hungarian Anti-Jewish Laws
Hungary prohibits Jews from acquiring agricultural property, and calls for the transfer of Jewish-owned property to non-Jews.
September 6, 1942 (Elul 24, 5702)
French communist newspaper publishes a cover story about the extermination of 11,000 French Jews at Auschwitz.
October 10, 1942 (Tishrei 29, 5703)
Reports On The Holocaust
Small story on page 10 of the New York Times reported on the slaughter of Jews at Auschwitz.
November 25, 1942 (Kislev 16, 5703)
Krakow Ghetto Liquidated. Those deemed able to work were transported to the Płaszów concentration camp. Some 2,000 Jews unable to move or attempting to run were killed in the streets and in their homes. Operation Reinhard
March 13, 1943 (Adar II 6, 5703)
Belgium Resistance attacks a train bound for Auschwitz and free 233 prisoners. It is the only mass escape from a Holocaust train.
April 19, 1943 (Nissan 14, 5703)
Death of a sister
Cause: Murdered by the Nazis.
Germany Occupies Hungary
March 19, 1944 (Adar 24, 5704)
Two inmates, Slovak Jews Alfred Wetzler and Rudolf Vrba, escape from Auschwitz. They contact the Jewish council in Slovakia and give details about the murder of Jews at Auschwitz. A report is soon released to warn Hungary’s Jews of the Nazi plans to wipe out their community. The report initally does nothing to stop the mass deportation of Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz. Finally, in July 1944, after the report is published in the Swiss Press, Hungary is forced to stopped the deportation. The persecution of Hungarian Jews is continued in October 1944.
April 10, 1944 (Nissan 17, 5704)
435,000 Hungarian Jews Are Deported To Auschwitz
from May 15, 1944 (Iyar 22, 5704) to July 9, 1944 (Tamuz 18, 5704)
Nazis Photograph Hungarian Jews Arriving At Auschwitz. Many Jews Were From The Sub-Carpathia Region. Theses photos became know as The Auschwitz Album/Lilly Jacob Album. Lilly Jacob, the woman who found the photos, was from Bilky, Ukraine.
May 26, 1944 (Sivan 4, 5704)
D-Day, Allies Invade Normandy
June 6, 1944 (Sivan 15, 5704)
Russia Liberates Auschwitz
January 27, 1945 (Shevat 13, 5705)
33rd President of the United States
Harry S Truman
April 12, 1945 (Nissan 29, 5705)
Germany unconditionally surrenders.
May 7, 1945 (Iyar 24, 5705)
United States Detonates An Atomic Bomb Over Hiroshima, Japan.
August 6, 1945 (Av 27, 5705)
Aoviet Union declares War on Japan.
August 8, 1945 (Av 29, 5705)
United States Detonates An Atomic Bomb Over Nagasaki, Japan.
August 9, 1945 (Av 30, 5705)
Japan anounces its surrender ending World War II.
from August 15, 1945 (Elul 6, 5705)
UN General Assembly passes Resolution 181, adopting a plan to partition the Palestine British Mandate into two states, one Jewish, one Arab.
November 29, 1947 (Kislev 16, 5708)
Israel declares its independence.
May 14, 1948 (Iyar 5, 5708)
The Korean War begins when North Korea invades South Korea.
June 25, 1950 (Tamuz 10, 5710)
34th President of the United States
Dwight D Eisenhower
January 20, 1953 (Shevat 4, 5713)
An armistice ends the fighting in the Korean War.
July 27, 1953 (Av 15, 5713)
35th President of the United States
John F Kennedy
January 20, 1961 (Shevat 3, 5721)
36th President of the United States
Lyndon B Johnson
November 22, 1963 (Kislev 6, 5724)
37th President of the United States
38th President of the United States
Gerald Ford
August 9, 1974 (Av 21, 5734)
39th President of the United States
40th President of the United States
41st President of the United States
George H W Bush
January 20, 1989 (Shevat 14, 5749)
42nd President of the United States
43rd President of the United States
44th President of the United States
45th President of the United States
46th President of the United States
Death of a father
Death of a mother